IRS special agents must follow strict procedures to initiate an investigation and recommend prosecution to the Department of Justice. These procedures include approval by several IRS officials to ensure that investigations are based on factual evidence that tax fraud or other financial crime has occurred. An IRS criminal investigation is not the same thing as an IRS audit. During an audit, the IRS Examination Division determines whether you have correctly prepared your tax return or not.
However, during an investigation, the IRS is preparing a criminal case, which means that the United States will prosecute you. Unlike tax agents, who are under great pressure to close civil tax audits as soon as possible, special agents can afford to have time. Often, a tax fraud investigation takes twelve to twenty-four months to complete, and 1,000 to 2,000 staff hours are dedicated to the case. Under the appropriate circumstances, an entire team of agents will be assigned to a large corporate criminal investigation, and the resources they can devote when the case appears to have good potential for prosecution will be virtually unlimited.
The IRS request that a matter be investigated by a grand jury is directed to the Department of Justice, where the authority to approve such requests has been delegated to the Deputy Attorney General in charge of the Criminal Section of the Tax Division. The article will be presented in two parts, and the first will focus on the initiation and prosecution of a tax fraud investigation by the IRS Criminal Investigation Division. In addition to these informal relationships with other investigators, the IRS Criminal Investigation Division participates in formal cooperation programs with other federal agencies. The Criminal Investigation Division has a much lower turnover rate than the examination or collection divisions, and the typical special agent remains with the IRS until retirement.
For almost ten years, there has been a formal agreement between the IRS and the Drug Enforcement Agency, whereby the DEA provides the IRS with names and other information about “class I” violators of the DEA. The auditing techniques employed by examiners, in order to be effective, must be designed to reveal not only errors in accounting and the application of tax legislation, but also irregularities that indicate the possibility of fraud. If an investigation into a non-tax matter is already pending, the USAO can “expand the grand jury investigation to include allegations of tax crimes,” provided that it is first reported to the Tax Division. Your first contact with an CID agent is initially through an in-person visit to your home or place of work.
An IRS fraud investigation is a harrowing experience, not only for the corporate officers, directors and employees who are the subject of the investigation, but also for the corporation's legal advisors. All related tax modules of the IRS computer system are controlled for the investigated taxpayer, so that all activity in such accounts is directed directly to the special agent. The purpose of the delay period is to allow the taxpayer to challenge the subpoena and prevent compliance by an external registrar. The second part of the article, which will be published in the next issue of the Corporate Criminal Responsibility Reporter, will discuss the review procedures applicable to these cases as they move from the Criminal Investigation Division, through the District Attorney of the IRS and the Tax Division of the Department of Justice, to the U.
It is not accidentally targeted, but the important thing is that criminal investigations have a major detrimental impact on individuals. Of course, this doesn't mean that appearing in the newspaper is a guarantee of being subject to an IRS audit or criminal investigation, but agents do check whether a company's financial success, as described in the newspaper, is similarly reflected in a company's tax returns. .